How to play Shatranj Chess

Learn the rules to Shatranj Chess quickly and concisely – This video has no distractions, just the rules. For a refresher of the original Chess rules, check out this video:

Play chess online for free here:

(As an affiliate we earn from qualifying subscriptions)

Buy Double-Sided Chess Discs here:
Buy Double-Sided Chess Fairy Pieces here:

Don’t own Chess? Buy it here: – – – – – – – – – – – – – –
(As an Amazon Affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases)

Setup the board with elephants instead of bishops, and a counselor instead of a queen. Place the king on the D column and the counselor on the E. Elephants move exactly 2 spaces diagonally, jumping over the first space. The counselor moves exactly 1 space diagonally. The rook is technically called a chariot but has the same movements as a rook. The knight is technically called a horse, but has the same movements as a knight. And the pawn is technically called a soldier, but it has the same movements as a pawn.

Castling is not allowed. Pawns are not allowed the first 2 step option, therefor en passant is not allowed. When a pawn reached the farthest row, it is promoted to a counselor. If you stalemate your opponent you win. The first player to checkmate or stalemate their opponent, wins.


  1. To all the commenters saying "this is the name for chess in our language" – yes. That is because modern "chess" is actually kind of unique for not being called "santaraj" or some closely associated/similarly derived word. This version of chess aims to create rules that are more similar to these "santaraj" versions of chess, which are now no longer really played.

  2. So it’s basically Chinese chess just with the counselor and mor peices then Chinese chess

  3. There is no term like" Shatranj chess".
    "Shatranj " is the original name of 2 player chess originated in India and spread and accepted by same name in Persia and Arab.

  4. In my country, Russia, many pieces retain their original names (like in many arabic and other eastern countries, too):
    Knight – Horse/steed (rus. Конь)
    Queen – Advisor/Visier (pers. فرزین‎ (ferzin)/turk. Färz) (rus. Ферзь)
    Bishop – Elephant (rus. Слон)
    Now about the rook, it is not named after the persian word for "chariot" (رخ (rokh/rukh)), but after a type of boat the name of which is of russian origin, "Ladya" (rus. Ладья) (with pressure on the last "a"). This could've been a misinterpretation of the arabic rook, which was V – shaped, and thus looked a bit like a boat of some sort, it seems.

    P. S. The "Ladya" also used to be called "Tura" (rus. Тура) (with pressure on the "a"), which is derived from latin "Turris", meaning "Tower". This name has long become archaic of some sort in Russia.

  5. I introduce cardinal
    Moves like a knight but 1 square further diagnally

  6. I like the idea of the stalemate being a win.
    For one, it makes sense, since if there was no stalemate rule, the person being stalemated would eventually lose by running out of time.

    It would also make the game more beginner friendly, since it's very easy to accidentally stalemate when you don't know the proper way to get checkmates in certain endgames.

    Lastly, I don't see how a surrounded commander/leader with no way of escaping would be considered an equal position for both sides

  7. There is nothing like Shatranj chess.
    Shatranj is the old name of chess only.
    Shatranj name is derived from Chatrang or Chaturanga.
    Chaturanga is the oldest game of chess- played in both 2 and 4 player version.
    CHATUR–MEANS" 4 " and ranga means division.
    So Chaturanga means 4 divisions of army( Chariot(rook), Horse (knight), Elephant (Bishop) and pawns.

  8. I always thought that “stalemating” your opener into no legal moves should have been a win anyways

  9. Unfortunately, Shatranj is evolved from Shatranjan. Shatranjan is played on Dashpaad board. Iranian Variant is incomplete game.
    Kautilya Shadyantra is complete game.

  10. The elephant is very restricted with movements I doubt there is more than 12 squares they stand on

  11. The Waffle House has found it’s new host

  12. wait the pieces are mostly same as xiangqi

  13. We use the term "shatranj" and the pieces the way described in the video: 1) piyadah – pawn. 2) feel (elephant) – Bishop, 3) Ghora (horse) – Knight, 4) Rukh/ Castle – Rook, 5) Wazir (counselor) – Queen but follow modern chess rules.

  14. "Stalemate your opponent to win"
    Shatranj is now my favourite game.

  15. I like that there isn’t a OP queen that does decide a lot if one of the players doesn’t have it, the names for the pieces, no “a passant” or castling and the Elephant is also dope

  16. in french for some reason, bishops are called fools

  17. In Russia bishops are called elephants and knights are called horses

  18. Shatranj is chess this is an old version because if you translate chess to Arabic it’s Shatranj and the only difference is the names

  19. Bro, the counsellor is 100x worse than the queen, no wonder it’s a queen but crooked

  20. Basically chataraunga (chess before the Europeans changed it)

  21. I am indian and i am triggered by his pronunciation

  22. Sounds like it was invented by someone who kept losing to player who relied heavily on queens and bishops.

  23. They should have made rook have a similar move to the elefant just call it a camel or something

  24. So… if I'm right, the elephants can each only land on 8 tiles on the board? So the elephant starting at C1 can move to A3 or E3 (and potentially back to G1), then on to C5/G5, and A7/E7… and that's it, that's every space it can land on.

    Man, I thought bishops were limited, but your two elephants combined can only land on half as many tiles as a standard bishop!

  25. Thos reminds me of Chuturanga indians chess game
    Queen minister

  26. Essentially a primitive version of Chess. The Stalemate resulting in a win is the best touch, but I'll stick to modern Chess for the rest.

  27. Just by how he says the opening line, I know it took him at least 7 takes, or a good few warmups.

  28. I like the idea chaturanga is no longer called chaturanga

  29. I think the pawn promotes only to the piece that occupied the promotion square at the start of the game. In case a pawn promotes at the king square, it becomes a wazir.

  30. fun fact: it is actually called shataranga


  32. why does this remind me of the Cambodian game Ouk Chaktrang?

  33. Phe le boll ne shikh le 😂😂😂😂

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *